Written by Asmak Abdurrahman/Translated by Ziadah
“Fairytale is the most
beautiful medium in Indonesian oral tradition”
-Pramoedya Ananta Toer-
Communication is the main key in
establishing strong relationship among human and is a main soft skills that has
been built since we were young. In communicating message and information, we
have to adapt with the one that we are talking with. The younger the speakers
that we speak with, the simpler the language that we need to use. In building
communication, especially in maintaining parents and children relationship,
adult or parents are expected to be able to send peace by entering the kids’
world, for example by using fairytale as their medium.
Fairytale as an oral tradition
Before human introduced to the
writing culture, oral tradition
has been known for entertaining and to spread information and knowledge. Oral
tradition or spoken culture is the very first part in establishing human
civilization today. The strong development of oral tradition in Indonesia can
be seen through various puppet show that spread in Indonesia. Besides, the
power of this tradition has been tested by the time and been passing down
I am one of millennials that grew
up enjoying the beauty of oral tradition through fairytale when I was young. My
elder sister often tucked me to bed with Indonesian fairytales in which end the
good will always beat the bad. Some stories are sad, one of them like Mandalika,
she was committed suicide to keep Lombok away from war. Another story is The
Lion and The Mouse, the moral value of this tale focus on little good things
that we have been doing will save us later in the future like lion that has
been saved by the mouse. In the end of the story, the predator and the pray can
be a friend. The values of these fairytales still linger on me.
According to Huck, Hepler and
Hipmen (1987), fairytale is all form of narratives, written or oral that has
been there within generations. In the other words, fairytale is an imaginative
narrative that consists of exposition, rising action, climax, anti climax and
In the past, fairytale passed down
orally, now it is conveyed through reading culture. Various types of fairytale
produced and evolve in the community for example Aesop fable where the
characters in the fairytale are animals. Another example is legend, fairytale
that talked about the origin of places. Because fairytales are able to attract
kids’ attention, fairytale is a great medium in learning, entertaining or in
educating young learners.
Peace and diversity in fairytales
Indonesia is rich of fairytales
due to diversity in Indonesia. Indonesian fairytales not only talk about geographical
feature of Indonesia and the origin of a place but also full with moral values
and local wisdom through the characters. By introducing fairytale as early as
possible to kids, they actually acquire moral values i.e. peace and diversity
Fairytales make kids dream and
help them in imagining, inspire them to be a hero, do little things that have
big impact in their life. It makes kids know that a knight doesn’t kill the
dragon but they can be friend with the dragon.
In Indonesia context, fairytale
can be clear voice for kids to listen to since it is about diversities of
Indonesia that play significant roles to unite whole Indonesian as a country.
This can build character of Indonesian generation to love pluralism.
story teller or reader with peace narratives is getting more and more. Parents
and teacher can be one of them, so that they can choose and attractively read
books for their kids based their kids’ development and followed by logic and
A number of international politicians assumed that UK decision to leave
European Union (Brexit) and the victory of Donald Trump in US presidential
election in 2016 are a form of strengthening the right wing populism.
Along the year in 2018, political map in Europe and Latin America has
moved (Tirto.id named 2018 as a golden year for right wing populism). In
Italia, it is marked by the triumph of League Nord Party (Right-regionalis
populism) that dominates Italian Senate. So does with Sweden, represented by
Sverigodemokraterna Party that in line with Right Populism Nasionalist. Shift
ing to American Continent , world is surprised by the winning of Jair Borsonaro
in general election in Brazil. The style of political communication if Borsono
is extremely similar with what Trump has shown during his presidential campaign
in US. Further, Borsonaro is known as Trump of tropical country. The same
things happen in Columbia that is represented by Ivan Duque from Centro
Democratico Party, in Paraguay with Mario Benitez (ANR-PC) and coalition
Fidesz-KDNPP (Right Wing Christian
Populism) that won election of Hongaria parliament . One of the most pointy
issue and has become political campaign of right wing in Europe is
anti-immigrant and religious sentiment.
we know, refugee’s crisis (Asylum seeking) and immigration reached its peak in
2015. In huge number, immigrants flooded from conflicting areas (Middle East
and Africa) were entering Europe.
European Union members have different reaction and policies on this
on polling that has been conducted by Royal Institute of International Affairs
on 10 thousand people in 10 countries in Europe shows more than 55% respondents
refuse immigrants. This rejection is voiced by respondents from Austria, Poland,
Hongaria, France, Belgium, Germany and Greece.
some countries show positive response on immigrants, like what has been showed
by Emanuel Macron (France President) and Angela Markel (German Kanselir).
Further Germany is listed as one of immigrant friendly country. However, Angela
Markel’s policies has been criticized, pro and cons are not avoided. Harsh
critics come from ultranasionalist that is represented by Alternative fuer
Deutchland (AfD) party.
rejection on immigration is based on the security issues and domestic economy.
Besides, racial issue, religious sentiment and prejudice on muslim immigrants
also drives this immigrant rejection. The peak of immigrant crises is used by
right wing to get sympathy. That’s what Trump use (immigrant issue, Hispanic
community and Islam) and others as his strategic campaign. Anti-immigration
Campaign and islamophobia propaganda are a way to get more support.
analysts find character similarities on strategy used by politician and right
wing party. Namely by sacrifice neo-nationalism, nationalism,
anti-globalization, pro native people, and pro policies of economics protective
model. In Europe, anti-immigrant sentiment and anti-muslim becomes the main
issue. What happens in New Zealand is
strongly related to what has been explained before. Sentiment anti-immigrant
and anti-muslim are no longer become political sale but lead to something that
is more horrible. Criminal act that targets civilians and spreads it out is a
sign of terrorism act.
though definition of terrorism is debatable until now, the terrorism acts
evolve and develop. Old terrorism is static, hierarchical and relatively
predicted. Meanwhile new terrorism is dynamic, structural, has global network
and hard to predict. This terrorism is
transnational, global and the spreading pattern is more varied, one of them by
using online media.
style of terrorism does not only attack the political stability of a country,
but further than that it is targeting infrastructure of people
physicology. Consequently, not only
there is a rejection on a country policies, but also anti-west, anti-islam,
anti-immigration or against the ideas with different entity. The question is, if terrorism (after9/11)
stick on muslim and middle east country, is there any possibility that
terrorism grows well in European country since their economy is more stable? If
yes, is the victory of right wing group indirectly plants the seed of hatred
that lead to terrorism acts?
to Daniel Koehler in “Right Wing Terrorism in 21st Century: The
National Socialist Undersground and the History of Terror from the Far Right in
germany”, more than a decade, Nationalist Socialist Underground committed the
act of killing, bombing and rubbery.
Based on Kohler, NSU is an example of right wing terrorism case. In this
case, right wing group plays violence ideology and the act of terrorism. The
core of right wing terrorism is violence ritual, providing clear boundaries
between “we” and “they” and suppresses the inferior.
states, right wing terrorism is the further form of violence that is initially
from hatred and the target is the inferior group or the minority. The writer
tends to agree on terrorism and the act of terrorism in the any form is caused
by different hatred from “us”. Is this
the result from strengthening right wing populism? Of course the research can
be deeply measured. Is terrorism act caused by the geopolitics condition?
According to Slavoj Zizek, a progressive philosopher from Slovenia, the
political development post cold war polarized world into two parts, those are
the power of conservative in one side and liberal strength in the other side.
Roles in Cyberspace Monopoly
by Jihan/Translated by Ziadah Ziad
Being a clever user of cyberspace
is words that bear their own meanings and should be understood so that they can
be implemented in the life stream of paradigm which especially leads to millennial
These words are familiar in the society and in the eyes of social media
surfers that always stay tune with their own gadgets, always observe and be a
loyal reader of whole information that is being spread in every corner of the
cyberspace. Many of them admit that they are clever and wise in using social media.
However, some nosy and hard posts show that they are not. Therefore, can we
make those posts as the measurement of unit in finding out the level of
critical thinking in the cyberspace? Definitely not! Then what is actually the
measurement of unit or classification to be considered wise user in the
cyberspace, analogically cyberspace is regarded as a nation, it will be the
biggest nation with the highest number of population. Ok, before discussing
about the measurement that will be used in order to be considered as a wise
user in the cyberspace or cyber world, we have to know the meaning of three
words that become our topic in this discussion.
Clever User of Cyber world, let’s study word by word, according to some
experts, clever means as follow: Anita E. Woolfolk: Cleverness is the ability
to learn, whole knowledge that gained, and the ability to adapt with new
situation or environment in general. Howes
and Herald (1999) precisely states, emotional intelligent is a component that
make people to be smart in managing their emotion. Further, it is explained
that human emotion is in around the area of heart, hidden instinct, and the
sensation of the emotion and if it is admitted and respected, emotional
intelligent provides deeper and comprehensive understanding about oneself and
According to Howard Gardner a leading psychologist from Harvard
University, states there are 8 intelligences in human, one of them is linguistics
intelligences, someone with this
intelligence is a person who know how to process words when they speak or
write. This type of person usually like crossroad puzzles, playing scrables,
reading and is able to interpret written language clearly.
After knowing the definition or meaning of ‘clever’ based on the
expert, let’s take a look at the definition of cyberspace, a saying says it is
full of various melancholy stories and flooded by apathetic stories, we all
know how it is.
World itself, according to KBBI means earth and whole things on, planet
where we live, meanwhile maya in
Indonesian (English: cyber) means appearance without its real physical form. It
is severe….hehe let’s take a look at its entire meaning, cyberspace is
electronic media in a network system that is used online as a one way or
reciprocal communication which is
directly connected. Cyber world is a combination of various communication
technology and computer network (sensors, transducer, connection, transmission,
processor, signal, and controller) that can connect the communication tool
(computer, headphone, electronic instrumentation and others) that spread
interactively all over the world.
Peace lover that spread in the entire country, that’s the definition
word by word from Clever User of cyber world, so what actually the essence from
that topic? Basically, clever user of cyberspace is the intelligence of user
actualization in using social media wisely, as an honest, trustworthy social
media user with integrity…….(Ah, why am I giving you preach…hehe) so it needs
word like Tabayyun (clarification, finding out the truth) first before reacting
on viral news in social media, because if we don’t have intelligence in using
social media you guys know the consequences, there will be a lot of negative
effects, further most of cyberspace users are millennials, that are easily
provoked. The lack of willing to clarify, low reading interest have brought
negativity and made negative contents quickly spread and the effects are felt
in the real world….Oh my God forgive us, it’s terrible J.
Wait….but don’t think that whole millenials are like that, because
that’s the average but there are many millenials that have concrete ideas and
real action, in the other words they are able to be a clever user of
Peace lover, the measurement of the clever user in cyberspace is the
main thing that is being discussed. We focus on the result and things that we
can do as millenials who are good at using cyberspace. There are some tips or
ways that we all can do to be cleverer in using social media, those are:
Anti Hoax, hating whole fake news that are being
spread and remind the one that spread the fake news. It’s easy, just type and
remind the one that shared the news “Do not share this news again because it is
a hoax, please be cooperative and delete your post”. In this point, audacity is
needed and we have to be sure and make sure that the news is hoax.
Keep clarifying, find the truth.
Be critical, don’t read only one media, do not
hesitate to spend your quota for googling to read the related news in different
perspectives and it has to be from trustworthy media.
Posing more questions and discussing it with
people that you think understand the problem. Do not be shy to ask, there’s
Indonesian proverb that says “if you are shy to ask question, you’ll be lost”.
Read more books, articles and others instead of
reading social media posts and surfing on celebrities’ insta story!
Spread positive contents even if it only one
sentence for example “Peace is Indonesia”.
Think positive and do positive things, use your
beautiful fingers to type words to encourage good netizens and remind those
people that spread hatred in any fields about how bad it is, because one critic
will build and make them aware…..eeaa:V
Finally guys, probably that’s enough from me, don’t be bored to vist
our website and keep up with related info and our positive activities from
cyber peace ambassador, peace!! And world knows that peace is Indonesia.